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Key Facts

Official Name: Republic of Botswana

Location: Central southern Africa.

Time: GMT + 2 hours

International Dialing Code: +267

Geography

  • Area: 582,000 sq. km. (224,710 sq. mi.), about the size of Texas.
  • Capital City (2001 census): Gaborone (pronounced ha-bo-ro-neh), pop. 186,007.
  • Other Urban Centers: Francistown (pop. 105,000); Lobatse (pop. 60,000), Selebi-Phikwe (pop. 50,000), Ghanzi, Mahalapye, Maun, and Kasane.
  • Terrain: Desert and savanna.
  • Climate: Mostly subtropical; semi-arid.

People

  • Nationality: Noun and adjective--Motswana (sing.), Batswana (pl.).
  • Population (est.): 1.84 million.
  • Annual population growth rate (2008): 1.434%.
  • Ethnic groups: Tswana 79%; Kalanga 11%; Kgalagadi, Herero, Bayeyi, Hambukush, Basarwa ("San"), Khoi, whites 10%.
  • Religions: Christianity 70%, none 20%, indigenous beliefs 6%, other 4%.
  • Primary Languages: English (official), Setswana (widely spoken)
  • Education: Adult literacy--81%.

Government

  • Independence: September 30, 1966.
  • Type: Republic, parliamentary democracy.
  • Head of State: President Ian Khama Seretse Khama..

Economy

  • Nominal GDP (2007): $11.9 billion.
  • Real GDP growth rate (2007 est.): 4.8%.
  • Per capita nominal GDP (2007): $6,742.
  • Key Industry Sectors: Precious minerals mining, Tourism,. Agriculture, Construction, Beef processing, Chemical products production, Food and beverage production.

Electricity/voltage

  • 220-240 volts AC, 50Hz.

Currency

  • Pula. One pula = 100 thebe.

Business Hours

  • Private sector: Monday to Friday 8am – 5pm
  • Government offices: Monday to Friday 7:30am – 4:30pm

Public Holidays

  • 1 January: New Year's Day
  • 2 January: Public Holiday
  • March/April (variable): Good Friday and Easter Monday
  • 1 May: Labor Day
  • May (variable): Ascension Day
  • 1 July: Sir Seretse Khama Day
  • July (variable): President Day and following day
  • 30 September: Botswana Independence Day
  • 1 October: Public Holiday
  • 25 December: Christmas Day
  • 26 December: Boxing Day

Embassy of the Republic of Botswana in the USA
1531-33 New Hampshire Avenue NW,
Washington DC 20036, USA
Telephone: (202) 244 4990
Website: www.botswanaembassy.org

United States Embassy in Botswana
Embassy Drive off Khama Crescent--
P.O. Box 90, Gaborone
Telephone: 267-353-982;
Fax 267-356-947
Web site: http://botswana.usembassy.gov/

 

 

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